The first written documentation of Maramures dates back to the year 1199, but archaeological evidence points to habitation of these lands since the Neolithic age.
After Dacia (the old name corresponding to lands south of the Carpathians and north of the Danube) had been conquered by the Romans, Maramures remained outside the Roman province, as an independent territory.
In the Middle Ages, the Dacian-Roman society was influenced by the migratory tribes. Feudal settlements were estabilished between the 4th and 10th centuries and were largely institutionalized and sanctioned by the church.
In the 13th century, Magyar chiefs began their conquest of Transylvania and by the end of the 14th century, the whole Transylvania region, including Maramures, was under Hungarian rule.
The written evidences on Maramures become more frecquent in the 14th century. In 1359, after rebelling with the Magyar rulers who had put him in place, the Maramureş Voievode Bogdan, with a large number of locals, crossed over the Carpathians into Moldavia, fought Balc, the grandson of the legendary voievode Dragoş and reshaped Moldavia into an independent state.
Maramureş became part of the Transylvanian principality in 1526, then part of the Habsburg Empire in 1687, and was annexed to Hungary in 1703. The Habsburg Dynasty ended in 1848 with a revolution. In 1918, Transylvania, including Maramureş, united with the Kingdom of Romania.
In 1940, Maramures and Northern Transylvania was given by Nazi Germany to Hungary and subsequently returned in 1945 with the withdrawal of German and hungarian troops.
In the early 1960s, most individual peasants were forced to give their lands to collective farms instituted under the communist regime. Despite this forced collectivization, genuine art and folk traditions continued to flourish in Maramures.